Tandem Para cycling

Para cycling includes athletes who have a visual impairment, have cerebral palsy, amputations and other physical impairments. Cyclists with a visual impairment ride in tandem with a sighted guide, known as a pilot. There are also events on tricycles or hand cycles based on the disability. As is the case at the Olympics, competition is held on a track (velodrome) and on the road.

Para cycling was first developed by cyclists with a visual impairment who competed using tandem bicycles. It was introduced as a Paralympic sport in Seoul in 1988. Track events were added for the 1996 Games in Atlanta. Canada has earned para-cycling medals at every Paralympics except the 2004 Games in Athens.

Top stars include multiple world champion Shelley Gautier, a finalist in 2015 for the Laureus Sports Award for outstanding athlete in the world with a disability; Robbi Weldon, a dual-sport athlete in both Nordic skiing and cycling, who won para-cycling gold at the London 2012 Paralympic Games with pilot Lyne Besette; and Tristen Chernove who took home a medal of each colour in Rio 2016..

The competition program includes sprints, individual pursuits, the 1,000-metre time trial, road races and road time trials for both individuals and teams.

For a full list of historical results, visit the International Paralympic Committee website. 

Athletes with physical impairments compete on handcycles, tricycles or bicycles, while those with a visual impairment compete on tandems. Handcycling includes five sport classes: H1-H5. Cyclists in H1-4 compete in a reclined position, while cyclists in H5 compete kneeling. There are two tricycle classes (T1 and T2) for athletes with impairments that affect their balance and co-ordination. Handcycling and tricycle athletes can compete in all road cycling events. Cyclists in sport classes C1-C5 compete on standard bicycle and compete in all road and track cycling events. Cyclists with a visual impairment (TB) compete together in one event and race tandem with a sighted pilot. C1-C5 and TB cyclists compete in all road and track cycling events.