Para athletics, also known as track and field, is the largest competition at the Paralympic Games. Events are available for physical Impairments – both seated and standing - athletes with visual impairments, as well as those who are intellectually impaired. Contested events are held in track racing, throwing as well as marathon
- Track events: Sprint (100m, 200m, 400m), Middle Distance (800m, 1500m), Long Distance (5,000m, 10,000m), and Relay races (4x100m)
- Road event: Marathon
- Jumping events: High Jump, Long Jump, and Triple Jump
- Throwing events: Discus, Shot Put, Club Throw and Javelin
The rules of Paralympic track and field are almost identical to those of its Olympic counterparts. Allowances are made to accommodate certain impairments (for example, blind and visually-impaired runners may compete with guide runners attached to them by a tether at the wrist).
Canada has a rich history in para athletics and its athletes have reached the podium at every Paralympic Games since 1968. Wheelchair racer Chantal Petitclerc is the most successful Canadian track Paralympian with 21 medals earned at the Games. She was awarded the Lou Marsh Trophy as Canada’s athlete of the year in 2008, a first for a female athlete with a disability.