Paratriathlon is unique in that if fully integrates athletes with physical and visual impairments alongside their able bodied counterparts at the same event.

Paratriathlon events are for athletes with physical and visual impairments. The Sprint Distance Triathlon is 750m swim, 20km bike, 5km run.


Classifications are based on impairment and functional ability. Medical evidence is required as proof of physical or visual impairment. The six categories as of January 1st, 2008 is as follows:

TRI 1 - Handcycles: Paraplegic, Quadriplegic, Polio, Double Leg Amputee. Athletes must use a recumbent handcycle on bike course and racing wheel chair on run.

TRI 2 - Severe leg impairment including above knee amputees. Athletes must ride bicycles and run with above knee prosthesis (or similar prosthesis) or run using crutches.

TRI 3 - Les Autre: This category includes athletes with Multiple Sclerosis, Muscular Dystrophy, Cerebral Palsy, double leg amputee runners or paralysis in multiple limbs. These athletes will ride a bicycle and run. They may use braces or prosthesis if required.

TRI 4 - Arm impairment including paralysis, above elbow amputees and below elbow amputees, or impairment in both upper limbs. Athletes may use prosthesis, brace or sling on the bike an/or run.

TRI 5 - Moderate leg impairment including below knee amputees. Athletes ride bicycles and run with prosthesis.

TRI 6 - NEW! Please refer to the attached ITU news release about visually impaired competition rule changes for 2013 - ITU Competition Rule Change Feb 2013

A Paratriathlete must be classified by an ITU International Classification Panel prior to an ITU International Paratriathlon to determine eligibility for competition and to allocate a competition class. Classification will ensure the competition is fair and equitable. The ITU Paratriathlon Classification Manual is available at


(Source: Triathlon Canada)