Canadian Paralympic Committee Historical Moments

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Canadian Paralympic Committee Historitcal Moments

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1976, Toronto hosted the Torontolympiad, which later became known as the 5th Paralympic Games. Toronto 1976 was the first Games to include athletes with an amputation or visual impairment.

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Following the Toronto 1976 Games, the Canadian Government granted funds to be spent in developing sport opportunities for people with a disability.

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In 1968, Canada competed in its first Paralympic Games in Tel Aviv, Israel. Twenty-two Canadian wheelchair athletes compete against 750 athletes from 29 countries.

Canada's participation is largely made possible through the efforts of Toronto Orthopedic Surgeon Dr. Robert Jackson, who later becomes the first President of the Canadian Wheelchair Basketball Association and the founder of the Canadian Paralympic Committee.

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In 1981 the Canadian Federation of Sport Organizations for the Disabled (CFSOD) was established and comprised of four NSOs: the Canadian Association for Disabled Skiing, the Canadian Amputee Sports Association, the Canadian Blind Sports Association, and the Canadian Wheelchair Sports Association.

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The International Co-ordination Committee of World Sports Organizations for the Disabled (ICC) recognized CFSOD as the organization in Canada responsible for Paralympic sport in 1982. ICC later became the International Paralympic Committee (IPC) in 1989.

Q:What Canadian was the founding President of the IPC from 1989 to 2001?

  • Dr. David Legg
  • Dr. Robert Steadward
  • Carla Qualtrough
  • Helene Manning

A: Dr. Robert Steadward - He is the recipient of the International Olympic and Paralympic Orders, the highest international awards for contribution in the world of sport, among 42 other awards to date.

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In 1987, CFSOD coordinated multi-sport competitions for athletes with a disability in Canada. The first Games were held in Brantford, Ontario and generate a financial legacy that significantly boosted the development of sport for athletes with a disability.

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Canada competed in the 1988 Paralympics, finishing 4th overall with 149 medals. Held in Seoul, South Korea, they were the first Paralympic Games held concurrently with the Olympic Games.

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In 1993, the IPC launched a new logo with 3 tae-guks (based on the 5 tae-guks logo used at the Seoul 1988 Paralympic Games).

Q: In what year did the Canadian Federation of Sport Organizations for the Disabled (CFSOD) change its name to the Canadian Paralympic Committee (CPC)?

  • 1991
  • 1993
  • 1994
  • 1999

A: 1993 – Helene Manning was the President of CFSOD in 1991-1993 and transitioned to CPC’s President from 1993-1997.

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1997 - For the first time ever, sports were granted voting rights at the IPC’s General Assembly. Laurel Crosby served as CPC’s President from 1997-1998, she is now the Principal of James Gilmore Elementary School in Richmond, BC.

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2001 - CPC grew to a membership of 22 NSOs and adopted the mandate to become a "Movement" based organization in order to act on behalf of all athletes with a disability by offering a series of programs in addition to supporting Games.

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The first IPC-IOC agreement was signed during the Sydney Olympic Games by IOC President Samaranch and his IPC counterpart, Dr. Robert Steadward. During that time, Patrick Jarvis was CPC’s President and he went on to serve until 2006. He is currently a Petroleum Technologist and still very involved with the Paralympic Movement.

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At Salt Lake City 2002 Paralympic Games, Team Canada achieved it’s best ever winter finish of 6th overall and 15 medals. Past President, Henry Wohler, served as the Canadian Chef de Mission. Henry is now a retired school principal, is the founding and current President of the Richard Lemieux Foundation.

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2003 - Vancouver was chosen to host the Olympic and Paralympic Winter Games in 2010 and the Vancouver Organizing Committee for the Olympic and Paralympic Winter Games (VANOC) was created. This as the first time a host Organizing Committee includes "Paralympic" in its official name.

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The 2004 Paralympic Summer Games in Athens, Greece, resulted in Canada's best-ever finish of 3rd overall with 72 medals. These Games were the first to not levy any entry fee for Paralympic athletes; a major break-through in offering equal services to Olympic and Paralympic athletes.

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2005 - The CPC unveiled a new logo and the CPC Board of Directors approved the 2006-2011 Business Plan that will lead the organization up to and beyond the Vancouver Paralympic Winter Games in 2010.

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The CPC sent a Canadian Team to the 2006 Paralympic Winter Games in Torino, Italy, resulting in a best-ever winter finish of 6th overall with 13 medals. Carla Qualtrough was voted in as President of CPC from 2006 – 2011.

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At the 2007 Parapan American Games in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, Canada finished with a total of 112 medals: 49 gold, 37 silver and 26 bronze. The result placed Canada second in the country standings behind host Brazil.

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On home soil, Canada enjoyed its most successful Paralympic Winter Games in history. The Canadian team achieved its goal of being ranked among the Top 3 medal-winning nations. Canada earned 10 gold medals and finished with 19 medals overall.  

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Team Canada participated in the 2011 Parapan American Games in Guadalajara, Mexico, winning 63 medals. Dr. David Legg was CPC’s president from 2011- 2013 and he is currently a professor at Mount Royal University in Alberta.

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Team Canada competed in 15 sports at the London 2012 Paralympic Games, coming home with 31 medals in total. Current CPC President, Dr. Gaetan Tardif served as Canada’s Chef de Mission.

Q: How many gold medals did Rio 2016 Chef de Mission, Chantal Petitclerc, win in Beijing 2008?

  • 2
  • 3
  • 4
  • 5

A: Chantal Petitclerc won 5 gold medals in Beijing, bringing her total medal count to 21 medals; with 14 gold.